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CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE

 

Coronary disease is caused by cholesterol and fat deposition in the walls of arteries (known as plaque), causing abstruction of blood flow. Sometimes the plaque may rupture or crack giving rise to blood clot formation which abstructs blood flow in the blood vessel completely. When this happens in the coronary arteries, a heart attack occurs. In the brain it is called stroke.

 

Not all cholesterol is created equal. LDL cholesterol is the “bad” form. It deposits in the arteries. HDL cholesterol is the “good” form. It helps prevent deposition of LDL and in some cases can actually reverse some of the buildup. The very best way to boost “good” HDL is a low-fat diet and exercise. Another form of fat, triglycerides, are considered a risk factor because they are consistently associated with high LDL and low HDL. Three things contribute to high triglycerides: a high fat diet, a high sugar diet and being overweight. One nutrient has been shown to lower triglycerides consistently – Omega-3 fatty acids (found mostly in cold water fish).

 

The number of cardiovascular disease cases in Malaysia has increased by 14 percent in just five years from 96,000 in 1995 to 110,000 in 2000. It is the leading cause of death in the country claiming a third of all its patients. In 2001, approximately 20 percent of all deaths at the Ministry of Health hospital were due to heart attacks and strokes. Two- thirds were due to heart disease and the rest to strokes. It is estimated that 40,000 new stroke cases are recorded annually in Malaysia. 

 

 

3 others top kiler are tied into this package:

-Stroke is the number 2 killer.

 

-Hypertension is number 5 killer.

 

-Diabetes is number 6 killer.

 

 

Some common risk factors of heart disease: 

• Genetics

 

• Smoking

 

• High blood pressure

 

• Little or no exercise

 

•Overweight

 

•Diavetes

 

•High LDL (bad cholesterol)

 

•Low HDL (good cholesterol)

 

•High triglycerides

 

•Poor nutrient intake

 

•Low fibre diet

 

•Low levels of antioxidant nutrients (Vitamin C, E, caratonoids and flavonoids)

 

 

 

 

Supplemental material: CoQ10

 

 

Book and online references: 

[1] Department of Statistics Malaysia. Yearbook of statistics malaysia. Kuala Lumpur: Department of statistics malayisa, varios years from 1980 to 2000.

[2] Kubena KS (2000). “Accuracy in dieatary assessment: On the road to good science.” J Am Diet Assoc 100 (7): 775-776

[3] Suzanne R. Steinbaum, DO. (October 14, 2019). Cardiovascular diseases. Retrieved from WebMD: https://www.webmd.com/heart-disease/guide/diseases-cardiovascular

[4] Robin Donovan, Gerhard Whitworth, R.N. (Febuary 27, 2020). Everything u need to know about heart disease. Retrieved from healthline: https://www.healthline.com/health/heart-disease