- Vitamin K is an essential, fat-soluble vitamin needed by the body for various bodily functions.
- Vitamin K2, or menaquinone, is synthesised by gut flora and is found in fermented foods.
- Menaquinone-7 (MK-7) is a bioactive form of vitamin K2 which is derived naturally from fermented soybeans (natto).
- MK-7 has been shown to have better bioavailability compared to vitamin K1.
- Vitamin K2 aids in bone mineralisation, which is positively associated with bone mineral density.
- Vitamin K2 activates osteocalcin, a protein which promotes the accumulation of calcium into the bones.
- Vitamin K2 activates matrix GLA protein (MGP), which prevents calcium from accumulating in blood vessels, thereby preventing arterial calcification and stiffening.
- Vitamin D, also known as the sunshine vitamin, is a fat-soluble vitamin which plays many important roles in the body.
- Vitamin D3, also known as cholecalciferol, is the naturally occurring form of vitamin D which is made by the skin upon sun exposure.
- Vitamin D3 is biologically active, effectively raises vitamin D levels in the blood for a longer period, compared to vitamin D2.
- Vitamin D3 facilitates the intestinal absorption of calcium and phosphorus, essential to build strong bones and teeth.
- Vitamin D3 may improve muscle strength.
- Deficiency of vitamins K and D can lead to bone fractures.
- Recommended for individuals who consume inadequate amounts of dairy products; or elderly who are susceptible to falls and fractures.
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